• Pretoria was first called Pretoriusdorp by the city’s founder, Marthinus Pretorious, who also considered the names “Pretorium” and “Pretoriusstad”.
• Pretoria's main street, Church Street, is the longest urban street in South Africa and one of the longest straight streets in the world.
• Pretoria has the second largest number of embassies in the world, after Washington DC in the US.
• The Voortrekker Monument is 40 metres high, with a base of 40 metres by 40 metres.
• Irene was founded by Alois Hugh Nellmapius and named it after his daughter, Irene Violet.
• Winston Churchill, the former British Prime Minister, was imprisoned at the Staats Model School in Pretoria during the Second Anglo Boer War.
• The University of Pretoria, also known as Tuks, is the largest residential university in South Africa. Tuks provides education to over 50 000 students.
• The first Jacaranda trees in Pretoria were imported from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1888. Despite popular notions, there are more Jacaranda trees in Johannesburg than there are in Pretoria.
• Nelson Mandela made his “I’m prepared to die” speech on the 20th of April at the Palace of Justice on Pretoria’s Church Square during the Rivonia Trial.
• The Paul Kruger House, built in 1884 by architect Tom Claridge and builder Charles Clark, was one of the first houses to have electricity in Pretoria.
• Sir Herbert Baker designed The Union Buildings, which were constructed between 1909 and 1913 using 14 million bricks for the interior office walls, 40 000 bags of cement and 20 000 cubic feet of granite.
• The Union Buildings house the office of the President of South Africa.
• Established in June 1946, the Pretoria National Botanical Gardens were officially opened on the 23rd of October in 1958, but only opened to the general public in 1984.